Another name for your second molar.

Another name for your first molar.

Treatment – The time while a patient is wearing braces.

Bonding paste.

These are small rings or coloured modules used to attach the arch wire to the brackets.
A plaster-like compound used to take impressions.
Your centrals, laterals, and cuspids. These are the teeth in the front of your mouth.
Anything the orthodontists attaches to your teeth to move your teeth or to change the shape of your jaw.
A metal wire that is attached to your brackets to move your teeth.
A metal wire that is attached to your brackets to move your teeth.
Thin contoured bands of metal that fit around the teeth and are cemented into place. In most cases; bands are used in the molar areas.
A metal or ceramic part that is glued onto a tooth and serves as a means of fastening the arch wire in order to reposition the tooth, corrected rotation and correct the bite.
Clenching or grinding of your teeth especially at night.
A hard deposit that forms when you do not brush your teeth so the plaque hardens. Calculus is also known as tartar.
Another name for cavities (tooth decay).
A small hole in one of your teeth caused by tooth decay.
An x-ray of the head that shows whether your teeth are aligned properly, and whether they are growing properly.
A stretchable elastic chain used to hold archwires into brackets and to close space by moving teeth together.
Small plastic pieces used to draw back your lips and cheeks so the orthodontist can move more easily see your teeth and work in your mouth.
A malocclusion where your bite is OK (your top teeth line up with your bottom teeth) but your teeth are crooked, crowded or turned.
A malocclusion where some of your upper teeth are inside your lower teeth when you bite down.
An orthodontic problem caused insufficient jaw space to accommodate all the teeth.
Debonding – The removal of braces.
The first step in making a model of your teeth. You bite into a container filled with alginate, and the alginate hardens to produce a mold of your teeth.
Poor positioning of your teeth.
The relationship between masticating (chewing) surfaces of the maxillary (upper) and mandibular (lower) teeth when they are in contact.
A malocclusion in which the teeth do not close or come together in the front of your mouth.
The treatment performed to correct your bite and make your smile look wonderful.
Vertical overlapping of the upper teeth over the lower.
Horizontal projection of the upper teeth beyond the lower.
A device used to make your jaw wider.
An x-ray taken by a machine that rotates around your head to give the orthodontist a picture of your teeth, jaws and other important information.
The first set of teeth which come in. Primary teeth are also called “baby teeth” or deciduous teeth.
A beautiful smile where all of your teeth are straight and your top teeth line up with your bottom teeth.
One of the initial appointments with your orthodontist. The orthodontist or his/her assistant takes pictures, x-rays and impressions of you so that they can figure out what treatment needs to be done.
An appliance that can be removed and replaced by the patient.
A gadget that the orthodontist gives you to wear after the removal of your braces.
A plastic or metal part that the orthodontist uses to create space between your teeth for bands.
A gadget used to maintain a space in your mouth. You would use a space maintainer when you lose one of your baby teeth. The space maintainer will keep a space in your mouth until a permanent tooth comes in to fill the space.
A wire that is tied around the bracket to secure the archwire. These are stainless steel not rubber, steel ties.
A process, which occurs every 4 – 10 weeks (depending on the orthodontist) when you have braces. You go into the orthodontist’s office and the orthodontist makes adjustments to the wires in your braces, or changes the wires.